Ensure that risks from dangerous substances are reduced as far as possible.
Ensure premises are equipped with sufficient, appropriate, accessible and signed fire-fighting equipment. You must have and maintain the means for fighting a small fire wherever it occurs on the premises. As a mimimum you should you have one extinguisher for every 200m2 of floor space with a minimum of one per floor.
You must have a suitable fire detection and warning system. This can range from a shouted warning to an electrical detection and warning system. It must be able to adequately warn people in all circumstances.
Ensure that a sufficient number of emergency routes and exits lead as directly as possible to a place of safety. Routes must be kept clear and doors must open easily in the direction of escape. The ideal situation is when there are alternative escape routes from all parts of the premises, although this is not always possible. Where only one route is available other compensatory features may be necessary. The escape route should lead to a final exit. Fire exit doors and any doors on the escape routes should be operable without a key and without any specialist knowledge. In public buildings push pads may be required.
You must nominate a sufficient number of appropriately trained competent persons to assist you with your general fire precautions.
Your general fire precautions should be subject to effective planning, organisation, control, monitoring and review e.g. testing fire and smoke alarms, monitoring escape routes etc.
For further information on general fire precautions try the DCLG guides as described on the previous page.